Free Atlas of Practical Applications of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine) pdf download

Free Atlas of Practical Applications of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (Developments in Cardiovascular Medicine) pdf download

Six years have passed since the edition of our Atlas of Practical Cardiac Applications of MRI. Fortunately, the technique has experienced during this time a continuous development that demanded a new updated version of the book. One of the consequences of this growing process has been the adoption of the term Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR.) to refer to the technique, and this is why the tide of the present version of the book has changed slighdy in relation to the first one. Merits of CMR were evident from its beginning, early in the eighties. There was a time, however, when CMR ran the risk of becoming a luxury diagnostic tool, either confined to the experimental field or limited to serve as an occasional resource for selected cHnical entities, only appHed by even more selected specialists.

Atlas of Practical Applications of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Atlas of Practical Applications of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

Things have changed, for the benefit of cardiology, during the last few years, particularly since CMR has proved to be a very useful technique also in the study of ischemic heart disease, which constitutes the main issue of concern in cardiology today. As a consequence, CMR is starting to play a relevant role in clinical practice, and it has become an issue of interest for the educated cardiologist. Evidence for this is the increasing body of research articles which, on CMR in myocardial infarction, for instance, has more than doubled since 1999 compared with the five-year previous period, or the pubhcation of major textbooks on CMR, up to three in the last two years. Also, there is a strong academical interest on the technique, with a growing number of specialized meetings and activities from associations aimed to spread knowledge on the technique, as the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, or the Wo

CONTENTS: Atlas of Practical Applications of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

1.1 Definition and historical background 8

1.2 Physical basis 8

1.2.1 MR signal: Free Induction Decay 9

1.2.2 Relaxation 9

1.2.3 RF pulse and MR imaging 11

1.3 Pulse sequences 11

1.3.1 Classic sequences 11

1.3.1.1 Spin-Echo 11

1.3.1.2 Gradient-Echo 12

1.3.1.3 Velocity-encoded (phase contrast) MR imaging 12

1.3.1.4 MR angiography 15

1.3.2 New Modalities 15

1.3.2.1 Fast Spin-Echo o Turbo Spin-Echo 15

1.3.2.2 Fast Gradient-Echo and Steady State Free Precesion Imaging (SSFP) 16

1.3.2.3 Inversion-Recovery and Saturation-Recovery 16

1.3.2.4 Echo-Planar Imaging (EPI) 16

1.4 Image formation 16 1.4.1 SHce selection 16

1.4.2 Image reconstruction 16

1.4.2.1 Frequency-encoding gradient 16

1.4.2.2 Phase-encode direction 17

1.4.3 K-space

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