Free Bones Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age PDF Download

Free Bones Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age PDF Download

By (author): Andrea Piccioli, Valentina Gazzaniga, Paola Catalano

This book presents the results of a unique macroscopic and radiological analysis, by X-ray and CT scan, of the bone pathologies of about 1800 subjects who lived at the time of the Roman Empire (first and second centuries A.D.) and whose remains were recovered during the excavation of a suburban necropolis of Rome. The survey, which represents a collaboration between the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology and the Special Superintendent for the Archaeological Heritage of Rome, has yielded incredible images of different orthopaedic diseases in a period when no surgical treatment was available: there are cases of infection (osteomyelitis), metabolic disease (gout), hematologic disease (multiple myeloma), traumatic lesions and their complications and degenerative pathology (osteoarthritis, particularly secondary and overload). A multidisciplinary team including orthopaedists, paleopathologists, radiologists and medical historians has evaluated the major groups of bone disease in the population finding out incredible cases and picture of ortho-traumatologic pathologies in a pre-surgical era. The homogeneity of the sample and the number of subjects make this a study of fundamental importance.

I am really pleased that this major, somewhat unbelievable scientific volume
is issued under my presidency. SIOT’s support to this editorial project, which
started during the previous administration, now ends under my
I have followed the Project since its birth, and on more than one occasion
I got carried away by the researcher’s typical excitement, stepping in during
the study of complicated cases, and helping my friends and co-workers to
decipher particularly difficult diagnoses.
Giving a definite diagnosis to bone macroscopic lesions is unbelievably
complicated in the field of paleopathology. There are indeed many diseases
that need a differential diagnosis with one another, and that may look like
macroscopically similar bone lesions: infectious diseases, such as osteomyelitis, metabolic or haematological diseases, consequences of traumas with
no consolidation, or degenerative diseases, or finally primary and secondary
neoplastic lesions.
The in-depth study of many cases has allowed to identify better and better
diagnostic criteria, increasingly minimizing the potential error deriving from
the skeleton’s state of preservation and post-mortem lesions. In fact, the postmortem degradation process of the bone tissue over the centuries can produce
lesions macroscopically resembling bone pathological lesions; the great professional skills of Dr. Paola Catalano and of her collaborators from the
Anthropological Service of “Soprintendenza Speciale per il Colosseo, il
Museo Nazionale Romano e l’Area Archeologica di Roma” have been crucial to the success of this work. Their major expertise has led us in what was
a great novelty for us. I can only congratulate all the authors on this magnificent work, which has the added value of novelty and great number of examined subjects and is thus an excellent and culturally essential product to
increase the currently available knowledge on ortho-traumatological diseases
and on the living habits in ancient Rome. Finally, heartfelt thanks to friend
and associate Andrea Piccioli, who has once again proven how our Scientific
Society, a mirror of the national orthopaedic Community, is culturally and
scientifically energetic.

Bones Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial

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