Measurement in Ultrasound, Second Edition 2nd Edition PDF Download

Measurement in Ultrasound, Second Edition 2nd Edition PDF Download

Measurement and interpretation of key ultrasound parameters are essential to differentiate normal anatomy from pathology. By using Measurement in Ultrasound, trainee radiologists and ultrasonographers can gain an appreciation of such measurements, while practitioners can use it as a valuable reference in the clinical setting.

The book follows a consistent format throughout for ease of reference and features useful information on preparation and positioning of the patient for ultrasound, the type of transducer and method to be used, the appearance of the resulting ultrasound images and the measurements to be derived from them.

Designed for frequent use in everyday practice, the book includes more than 150 high-quality ultrasound images annotated with key measurements and accompanied by concise explanatory text. Normal variants are provided, along with ranges for features that can change during development and in disease.

This new edition covers relevant developments in ultrasound. Where appropriate, updated ultrasound measurements that have arisen are also included and key references are provided as an aid to further study.

Measurement in Ultrasound, Second Edition 2nd Edition PDF Download

Measurement in Ultrasound, 2nd Edition [2017]PDF Download

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CONTENTS
Editors  xi
Contributing authors  xiii
ADULTS
1  UPPER ABDOMINAL  3
Anu E. Obaro, Venus Hedayati, Colin R. Deane, 
Keshthra Satchithananda, and Paul S. Sidhu
Liver size  4
Liver fibrosis assessment  6
Biliary tree  8
Gallbladder and gallbladder wall  12
Spleen  14
Pancreas  18
Pancreatic duct (adult)  20
Adrenal glands (adult)  22
Diaphragm  24
Portal vein  26
Hepatic veins  30
Hepatic artery  32
Celiac and superior mesenteric arteries  36
Doppler ultrasound measurement of post-prandial intestinal 
blood flow  38
Inferior mesenteric artery  40
2  URINARY TRACT  43
Venus Hedayati, Colin R. Deane, Keshthra 
Satchithananda, and Paul S. Sidhu
Kidneys  44
Evaluation of acute renal obstruction with intrarenal Doppler  48
Renal circulation and renal artery  50
Retroperitoneal lymph nodes  54
Bladder volume and residual volume  56
Bladder wall  60
Functional bladder imaging  62
Contents vi
3  ORGAN TRANSPLANTATION  65
Anu E. Obaro, Venus Hedayati, Colin R. Deane, 
Keshthra Satchithananda, and Paul S. Sidhu
Liver transplantation  66
Renal transplantation  70
Renal artery stenosis in transplantation  74
Pancreas transplantation  78
4  GENITAL TRACT  81
Venus Hedayati, Dean Y. Huang, Keshthra 
Satchithananda, and Paul S. Sidhu (Male Genital Tract); 
Induni Douglas, Anthony E. Swartz, and Wui K. Chong 
(Female Genital Tract)
Male Genital Tract  82
Testes  82
Epididymis  86
Varicoceles  88
Prostate (transrectal sonography)  92
Seminal vesicles (transrectal sonography)  94
Penis  98
Female Genital Tract  102
Ovarian volume (transvaginal sonography)  102
Ovarian follicles (transvaginal sonography)  104
Uterus (transvaginal sonography)  106
Endometrial stripe thickness (transvaginal sonography)  108
5  GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT  111
Anu E. Obaro and Suzanne M. Ryan
Appendix  112
Upper gastrointestinal tract wall (endoscopic ultrasound)  114
Gastrointestinal tract wall (transabdominal ultrasound)  118
Anal endosonography  122
6  SUPERFICIAL STRUCTURES  125
Keshthra Satchithananda and Paul S. Sidhu
Parathyroid glands  126
Submandibular salivary glands  128
Parotid salivary glands  130
Thyroid gland  132
Lymph nodes in the neck  136
Contents vii
Orbits (extraocular muscles)  140
Orbits (optic nerve)  142
7  PERIPHERAL VASCULAR (ARTERIAL)  143
Colin R. Deane and 
Paul S. Sidhu
Upper limbs (peripheral arteries)  144
Abdominal aorta and common iliac arteries  148
Lower limbs (peripheral arteries)  152
Lower limbs (peripheral artery bypass grafts)  156
Hemodialysis access fistulas and grafts  160
Extracranial arteries  164
Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound  172
8  PERIPHERAL VASCULAR (VENOUS)  179
Colin R. Deane and Paul S. Sidhu
Inferior vena cava (IVC)  180
Neck veins  182
Leg veins  184
9  MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM  187
Bhavna Batohi, Keshthra Satchithananda, and David Elias
General considerations  188
Upper Limb: Shoulder  190
Long head of biceps  190
Subscapularis tendon  192
Supraspinatus tendon  194
Infraspinatus tendon  196
Upper limb: elbow  198
Anterior joint space and distal biceps tendon  198
Olecranon fossa,ulnar nerve, and distal triceps  202
Lateral elbow  204
Medial elbow  206
Upper limb: wrist  208
Dorsal tendons  208
Carpal tunnel  210
Lower limb: hips  214
Hip effusion  214
Developmental dysplasia of the hip  216
Contents viii
Lower limb: knee  220
Anterior knee  220
Posterior knee  224
Lower limb: ankle  226
Anterior, medial, and lateral tendons  226
Achilles tendon  230
Lower limb: foot  232
Plantar fascia  232
Interdigital web spaces  234
PEDIATRIC AND NEONATAL
10  UPPER ABDOMEN  237
Annamaria Deganello, Maria E. Sellars, and Paul S. Sidhu
Liver (pediatric)  238
Gallbladder (neonatal)  240
Gallbladder (pediatric)  242
Common bile duct (pediatric)  246
Spleen (pediatric)  248
Pancreas (pediatric)  252
Adrenal glands (neonatal)  254
Adrenal glands (infant)  258
Pyloric stenosis  260
11  RENAL TRACT  263
Annamaria Deganello and Maria E. Sellars
Renal size (pediatric)  264
Renal size (neonates and infants)  268
Renal pelvic diameter (fetus and neonate)  274
Ureterovesical jets (infants and children)  278
12  PEDIATRIC UTERUS, OVARY, AND TESTIS  281
Induni Douglas, Anthony E. Swartz, Wui K. Chong, and 
Paul S. Sidhu
Uterus (transabdominal sonography)  282
Ovarian volume (transabdominal sonography)  284
Testis  286
Contents ix
13  NEONATAL BRAIN  289
Annamaria Deganello and Paul S. Sidhu
Neonatal brain (ventricular size)  290
Neonatal brain (Doppler ultrasound)  294
OBSTETRICS
14  OBSTETRICS  299
Induni Douglas, Anthony E. Swartz, and Wui K. Chong
Gestational sac  300
Embryonic/fetal heart rate (1st
trimester)  304
Crown rump length  308
Discriminatory levels for diagnosis of pregnancy failure in first 
trimester (transvaginal ultrasonography)  310
Nuchal translucency thickness measurement  312
Nuchal fold thickness measurement  314
Biparietal diameter  316
Head circumference  320
Abdominal circumference  324
Fetal femur length  328
Multiple fetal parameters in the assessment of gestational age  332
Multiple fetal parameters in the assessment of fetal weight  336
Fetal humerus length  354
Transcerebellar diameter  358
Head to abdominal circumference ratio  362
Transcerebellar diameter to abdominal circumference ratio  364
Systolic/diastolic ratio in the umbilical artery  366
Cerebral Ventricular Measurements  368
Lateral ventricle transverse atrial measurement (atrial size)  368
Cisterna magna measurements  370
Thoracic circumference  372
Renal pelvis diameter  374
Mean renal lengths for gestational ages  376
Outer orbital diameter  380
Nasal bone length  382
Fetal stomach diameter measurements  386
Fetal colon measurement  388
Fetal small bowel measurements  390
Contents x
Amniotic fluid index  392
Length of the cervix and cervical canal in pregnancy  396
Index  399

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